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Alexandria, Egypt.

Alexandria is a major Egyptian port city at the western end of the Nile delta. The city was founded by, and named after, Alexander the Great in 331 BC. Alexandria was the capital of Egypt for a thousand years after its foundation, until the conquest of Egypt by the Muslims in 641. The Muslims built a new capital called Fustat at the south end of the Nile delta, and Alexandria declined in importance.

Alexandria experienced a revival in the 19th century when cotton became an important Egyptian export. It is possible that Alexandria again became the capital of Egypt when the country became part of the British Empire, and later the United Empire

During the Global War, Alexandria fell to a German army on 25 December 1939.